A brief history
There are 105 historically black universities and colleges, and the majority were created in the United States after the Civil War. They were defined by the Higher Education Act of 1965 as any college or university established prior to 1964 whose main mission was (and is) to educate black Americans, and were accredited--or made strides toward being accredited--by nationally-recognized agencies.
The history of these historical black colleges and universities offer stories of courage, dedication, and commitment to the ideal of intellectual pursuit for all Americans.
Ethnic background and college admissions
Colleges normally give you the option of describing yourself as a member of one or more of these groups: American Indian or Alaskan Native, Black or African-American, Mexican-American or Chicano, Puerto Rican, Other Hispanic-American or Latin American, Asian American or Pacific Islander, or multiracial.
Many colleges aggressively recruit students from under-represented minority populations, and financial aid opportunities are great. Most admission offices have a counselor who is in charge of this effort, and this person can serve as good source of information as well as an advocate in the process.
Below, you can find a complete list of all historically black colleges and universities.