Full-time residents in an accredited U.S. periodontal program in any year of residency are eligible to apply. The applicant is required to submit a manuscript written by the resident as sole or principal author based on his or her research. The manuscript must be appropriate for submission to the Journal of Periodontology, but receipt of a Schoor Award is not contingent upon publication. Previous recipients of the Schoor Award may not re-apply. Unsuccessful applicants may re-apply up to two more times.