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A brief history

There are 105 historically black universities and colleges, and the majority were created in the United States after the Civil War. They were defined by the Higher Education Act of 1965 as any college or university established prior to 1964 whose main mission was (and is) to educate black Americans, and were accredited–or made strides toward being accredited–by nationally-recognized agencies.

The history of these historical black colleges and universities offer stories of courage, dedication, and commitment to the ideal of intellectual pursuit for all Americans.

Ethnic background and college admissions

Colleges normally give you the option of describing yourself as a member of one or more of these groups: American Indian or Alaskan Native, Black or African-American, Mexican-American or Chicano, Puerto Rican, Other Hispanic-American or Latin American, Asian American or Pacific Islander, or multiracial.

Many colleges aggressively recruit students from under-represented minority populations, and financial aid opportunities are great. Most admission offices have a counselor who is in charge of this effort, and this person can serve as good source of information as well as an advocate in the process.

Below, you can find a complete list of all historically black colleges and universities.


Alabama A&M UniversityAlabamaPublic
Alabama State UniversityAlabamaPublic
Albany State UniversityGeorgiaPublic
Alcorn State UniversityMississippiPublic
Allen UniversitySouth CarolinaPrivate
Arkansas Baptist CollegeArkansasPrivate
Benedict CollegeSouth CarolinaPrivate
Bennett CollegeNorth CarolinaPrivate
Bethune-Cookman UniversityFloridaPrivate
Bishop State Community CollegeAlabamaPublic
Bluefield State CollegeWest VirginiaPublic
Bowie State UniversityMarylandPublic
Central State UniversityOhioPublic
Charles Drew University of Medicine and ScienceCaliforniaPrivate
Cheyney University of PennsylvaniaPennsylvaniaPublic
Claflin UniversitySouth CarolinaPrivate
Clark Atlanta UniversityGeorgiaPrivate
Clinton Junior CollegeSouth CarolinaPrivate
Coahoma Community CollegeMississippiPublic
Concordia CollegeAlabamaPrivate
Coppin State UniversityMarylandPublic
Delaware State UniversityDelawarePublic
Denmark Technical CollegeSouth CarolinaPublic
Dillard UniversityLouisianaPrivate
Edward Waters CollegeFloridaPrivate
Elizabeth City State UniversityNorth CarolinaPublic
Fayetteville State UniversityNorth CarolinaPublic
Fisk UniversityTennesseePrivate
Florida A&M UniversityFloridaPublic
Florida Memorial UniversityFloridaPrivate
Fort Valley State UniversityGeorgiaPublic
Gadsden State Community CollegeAlabamaPublic
Grambling State UniversityLouisianaPublic
Hampton UniversityVirginiaPrivate
Harris-Stowe State UniversityMissouriPublic
Hinds Community College at UticaMississippiPublic
Howard UniversityDistrict of ColumbiaPrivate
Huston-Tillotson UniversityTexasPrivate
Interdenominational Theological CenterGeorgiaPrivate
J. F. Drake State Technical CollegeAlabamaPublic
Jackson State UniversityMississippiPublic
Jarvis Christian CollegeTexasPrivate
Johnson C. Smith UniversityNorth CarolinaPrivate
Kentucky State UniversityKentuckyPublic
Lane CollegeTennesseePrivate
Langston UniversityOklahomaPublic
Lawson State Community CollegeAlabamaPublic
LeMoyne-Owen CollegeTennesseePrivate
Lincoln UniversityPennsylvaniaPublic
Lincoln University of MissouriMissouriPublic
Livingstone CollegeNorth CarolinaPrivate
Meharry Medical CollegeTennesseePrivate
Miles CollegeAlabamaPrivate
Mississippi Valley State UniversityMississippiPublic
Morehouse CollegeGeorgiaPrivate
Morehouse School of MedicineGeorgiaPrivate
Morgan State UniversityMarylandPublic
Morris CollegeSouth CarolinaPrivate
Norfolk State UniversityVirginiaPublic
North Carolina A&T State UniversityNorth CarolinaPublic
North Carolina Central UniversityNorth CarolinaPublic
Oakwood UniversityAlabamaPrivate
Paine CollegeGeorgiaPrivate
Paul Quinn CollegeTexasPrivate
Philander Smith CollegeArkansasPrivate
Prairie View A&M UniversityTexasPublic
Rust CollegeMississippiPrivate
Saint Paul’s CollegeVirginiaPrivate
Savannah State UniversityGeorgiaPublic
Shaw UniversityNorth CarolinaPrivate
Shelton State Community CollegeAlabamaPublic
South Carolina State UniversitySouth CarolinaPublic
Southern University and A&M CollegeLouisianaPublic
Southern University at New OrleansLouisianaPublic
Southern University at ShreveportLouisianaPublic
Southwestern Christian CollegeTexasPrivate
Spelman CollegeGeorgiaPrivate
St. Augustine’s CollegeNorth CarolinaPrivate
St. Philip’s CollegeTexasPublic
Stillman CollegeAlabamaPrivate
Talladega CollegeAlabamaPrivate
Tennessee State UniversityTennesseePublic
Texas CollegeTexasPrivate
Texas Southern UniversityTexasPublic
Tougaloo CollegeMississippiPrivate
Trenholm State Technical CollegeAlabamaPublic
Tuskegee UniversityAlabamaPrivate
University of Arkansas at Pine BluffArkansasPublic
University of Maryland Eastern ShoreMarylandPublic
University of the District of ColumbiaDistrict of ColumbiaPublic
University of the Virgin IslandsUnited States Virgin IslandsPublic
Virginia State UniversityVirginiaPublic
Virginia Union UniversityVirginiaPrivate
Virginia University of LynchburgVirginiaPrivate
Voorhees CollegeSouth CarolinaPrivate
West Virginia State UniversityWest VirginiaPublic
Wilberforce UniversityOhioPrivate
Wiley CollegeTexasPrivate
Winston-Salem State UniversityNorth CarolinaPublic
Xavier University of LouisianaLouisianaPrivate